What is optimal input?
Krashen (1982) defined that optimal input should be comprehensible, be interesting and /or relevant, not be grammatically sequenced, be in sufficient quantity.
If the leaner can be exposed to input having to these features, it is considered acquisition is more likely to occur..
What is input in language learning?
Input refers to the exposure learners have to authentic language in use. This can be from various sources, including the teacher, other learners, and the environment around the learners. … When teachers are talking in classes they are providing opportunities for learners to develop their comprehension.
What is the difference between language learning and language acquisition?
Language Learning refers to learning about a language, its sound system, its structure. It is largely an intellectual exercise. Language acquisition means somehow absorbing a target language’s sound system and structure, ideally without ever thinking explicitly about the language’s actual structure.
What is Krashen’s input hypothesis?
The Input hypothesis is Krashen’s attempt to explain how the learner acquires a second language – how second language acquisition takes place. … For example, if a learner is at a stage ‘i’, then acquisition takes place when he/she is exposed to ‘Comprehensible Input’ that belongs to level ‘i + 1’.
What is comprehensible input in education?
Comprehensible input means that students should be able to understand the essence of what is being said or presented to them. … In other words, students may understand most, but not all, words the teacher is using.
What is the optimal level of output?
The optimal output rule says that profit is maximized by producing the quantity of output at which the marginal cost of the last unit produced is equal to its marginal revenue.